8000 BCE to 600 BCE
Iron weapons and compound bows
Monumental architecture and urban planning
Streets and Roads
Sewage and Water systems
Modes of Transportation
Chariots and Horseback riding
Arts and Artisanship
Systems of Record Keeping
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Book of the Dead
The Development and Codiﬁcation of Religious and Cultural Traditions
Literature and Drama
Distinctive Architectural styles
The Development of States and Empires
Regions where rulers created administrative institutions
The Great Classical Cities
Food Production Methods and Rewarding Elite for their Loyalty
500 C.E. to 500 B.C.E.
500 C.E to 1500 C.E
1500 C.E. to 1750 C.E.
1750 C.E. to 1914 C.E.
1914 C.E. to 2014
Mr.Barton's AP World History
By: Lauren Mlouhi
P - Political - leaders, state structure, war, diplomacy, courts/laws
In the year 528 C.E, the Gupta Empire ends due to continuous barbaric invasions.
In the year 550 C.E, the Chalukyan Kingdom is established in central India.
in 600 C.E, the Pallava dynasty controls southern India from the city of Kanchi.
In 800 C.E, Rajputs create many kingdoms in both central India and in Rajastan.
In 888 C.E, the Pallava Dynasty ends.
In 998 C.E, Mahmud Ghazni conquers the region of Punjab.
In 1019 C.E, Mahmud Ghazni attacks the northern region of India and destroys Kannauj.
In 1497 C.E, the Mughal dynasty is established by an Afghan ruler named Barbur and becomes the leader of Ferghana.
E - Economic - Type of system, technology/industry, trade, money, types of businesses
Dams and Bridges were constructed.
The wells at Dhank and stepped ponds at Bhinmal were constructed.
The philosophers Dharmakirti and Dignaga considered atoms to be point-sized, durationless, and made of energy.
The "Charkhi" (cotton gin) was invented in India and was also known as the "wooden-worm-worked roller".
Darius had fixed Alexander's system of economy.
The riches that were obtained from India's temples improved the economic activity during the Mahmud empire.
Gupta coins were used until the late 6th century, due to continued invasions from the Huns.
The Huns issued coinage that they had imitated from earlier models.
The sale of merchandise was managed by the government.
R - Religious - Holy Books, beliefs, conversion, sin/salvation, deities
Religions that originated in South Asia included: HInduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
Indian Buddhism depleted in the 6th century after the invasion of the White Huns.
As an effect, pursued religions included Tengri, and Manichaeism.
The invasion of Sind by Muhammad bin Qasim in 711 further weakened Buddhism.
There were many instances of conversion from stupas to mosques.
Arab traders had primarily introduced Islam to South Asia at first to Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
The first Muslim state in India was established in 711.
Muslims criticized the Hindu faith, claiming that Hinduism was idolatrous.
Hindu followers claimed that the Hindu rites helped individuals along the path to a pure and abstract belief in a single God swell as the ultimate truth beyond our worldly experience.
The religious text of Hinduism were the Vedas.
The religious text of Buddhism was the Tripitaka.
S - Society - Family, gender relations, social classes, inequalities, lifestyles
In the Hindu religion, the Vedas suggest that women's sole responsibility is to aid her husband in performing obligatory duties and permit him to always continue his family traditions.
Generally a women's primary responsibility was to give birth to the children and to take care of them.
Hinduism is essentially a male dominant religion.
Women were not allowed to officiate in any Vedic ceremony.
Vedic ceremonies and sacrifices were performed by men for men.
Hindus worshipped many female deities.
Men were prohibited from harassing or neglecting women. It was a man's duty to always take care of his wife.
Young women generally lived under the protection of her father.
It was often that men in southern asia would have more than one wife.
Values of the caste system were still present.
The concept of Varna offered societal dominance to the Brahmans and the Kshatriyas.
I - Intellectuals, Innovation, and Inventions - Writing, literature, philosophy, math, science, education
By the 7th century, Indian mathematicians were aware of negative numbers.
The Indians were the first to developed the "law of signs", with commendations to the multiplication of both positive and negative numbers.
By the 9th century CE, the Hindu-Arabic numeral system
The conception that zero was primarily a number and not just a symbol for
between positive and negative numbers, was credited to South Asia.
functions of sine and
, were used by the the Indian mathematician, Aryabhata.
The Indians also established the use of the law of signs in multiplication.
The famous mathematician Madhava, developed and founded Mathmatical Analysis.
The infinite series of pi was stated by The south Asian
They used the improved series to come up with a rational expression.
A - Art and Architecture - Arts, music, dances, buildings
Complete sculpted rock temples were built during the Middle Ages.
The model of sculpted stone building, was constructed by the laying cut stones on top of each other.
Multiple stone temples were built between the 7th and 9th centuries.
The temples carved out of rocks were built up till around the 12th century.
Hinduism took the lead in construction during the Middle Ages.
During the reign of the Turkish and Afghan dynasties over Delhi, western styles of architecture (such as domes) were brought to India and had a strong influence on the building architecture.
The Chola dynasty in the south exhibited exceptional advancements in south asia architecture, by building extraordinarytemples, using stone.
N - Near Geographic - location, physical, movement, human/environment, region
The country's that make up the South Asian region includes: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives.
The Bay of Bengal is classified as the largest bay in the world; it forms the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. The majority of the Bay is bordered by India and Sri Lanka.
The Ganges River derives high in the HImalayas. The river flows through India and drains into
the Sunderban Delta and into the Bay of Bengal.
Hindus consider the Ganges river as the holiest of all rivers in India. The river passes through the Hindu holy city of Varanasi.
The Thar Desert covers 77,00 square miles of India and Pakistan.
The Thar Desert plays as Asia's only subtropical desert.
The Ghats mountains are large mountain ranges.
The Western Ghats stretch along the western side of India, the average elevation reaches about 3,900 feet up.
The Eastern Ghats stretch along the eastern coast of India; Jindhagada Peak, the highest peak , reaches to about 5,545 feet.
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