8000 BCE to 600 BCE
Iron weapons and compound bows
Monumental architecture and urban planning
Streets and Roads
Sewage and Water systems
Modes of Transportation
Chariots and Horseback riding
Arts and Artisanship
Systems of Record Keeping
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Book of the Dead
The Development and Codiﬁcation of Religious and Cultural Traditions
Literature and Drama
Distinctive Architectural styles
The Development of States and Empires
Regions where rulers created administrative institutions
The Great Classical Cities
Food Production Methods and Rewarding Elite for their Loyalty
500 C.E. to 500 B.C.E.
500 C.E to 1500 C.E
1500 C.E. to 1750 C.E.
1750 C.E. to 1914 C.E.
1914 C.E. to 2014
Mr.Barton's AP World History
Political- Leaders, elites, state structure, war, diplomacy, laws/courts
First World War
Started after the assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand of Austria
Causes of the Great War include militarism, European alliances that divided Europe, nationalism, and diplomatic failures
The major leaders were Woodrow Wilson and Kaiser Wilhelm II
The effects of the war were the end of the Russian imperial, Ottoman, German, and Austro-Hungarian empires.
Treaty of Versailles
League of Nations
Second World War
Causes of WWII include the aggression from Germany, Italy and Japan, the failure of the Treaty of Versailles, and the weakness of the League of Nations
The major leaders were Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Adolf Hitler
Effects of WWII were the creation of two major powers in the world, the USA and USSR, establishment of the United Nations, NATO, and the Warsaw Pact, and the Great Depression.
Anti-colonial ideas helped to end empires and create new states
Many European colonies gained independence, such as India and Ghana from Britain, and Vietnam from France
Tense relationship between the USSR and the USA
The dissolution of the Soviet Union marked the end of the Cold war
The European Union is created to promote trade across national borders
Economic- Type of system, technology/industry, trade, money, types of businesses
Food production during the Great war rose.
After the war, the economy declined
After WWI, economic depression happened globally
When the Great Depression hit, government were more active in their nation's economy
Governments created free-market economic policies and encouraged economic liberalization
Economic institutions were created to spread free market principles across the globe
International Monetary Fund(IMF)
World Trade Organization (WTO)
The Euro was created by the EU to strengthen the economy of European nations
Religion- Holy books, beliefs, conversion, sin/salvation, deities
Majority of the population is a form of Christianity
Protestantism and Catholicism are the major two form of Christianity practiced in Western Europe
More religious tolerance
Society- Family, gender relations, social class, inequalities, lifestyles
An increase in feminism and female rights
In the early 20th century women were still viewed as housewives and their only work was to raise their children
Women began to work more and also became more educated.
As a consequence, the number of children per family started to decrease as women began to work more.
There were attempts to end racism
Persecution of Jews during the Second World War
More equality between genders
Intellectual, Innovations, and Invention- Writing, literature, philosophy, math, science, education
Advancements in science and the understanding of the natural world and universe.
Development of new technologies which created an increase in population growth
Theory of Relativity, Quantum mechanics, and the Big Bang Theory
The Green Revolution
Medical innovation such as polio vaccine, antibiotics, and the artificial heart.
Energy technology increased the production of material goods, like the use of oil and nuclear power
Birth control improvement gave women control over fertility and changed sexual practices
Improved military technologies and tactics
Some well-known scientists and researchers are Max Planck, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr
They created Nobel prize-winning scientific paradigms.
New technologies and way of communication, such as the Internet, cellphones, and computers
Arts and Architecture- Arts, music, dances, buildings
New uses of concrete and glass in architecture
Examples of artist of this period are Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dali, Joan Miro, and Fernand Leger.
The Accommodations of Desire- Salvador Dali
The Bargeman-Fernand Léger
The Blind Man's Meal-Pablo Picasso
Bottle and Wine Glass on a Table-Pablo Picasso
The Potato-Joan Miro
Near Geographic- Location, physical, movement, human/environment, region
Advancements and developments in food production and medicine have caused great increases in population.
Industrialization remains, and keeps improving create better ways to produce good and use energy adequately.
Also, many Europeans migrated to the United States in search of economic opportunity
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