8000 BCE to 600 BCE
Iron weapons and compound bows
Monumental architecture and urban planning
Streets and Roads
Sewage and Water systems
Modes of Transportation
Chariots and Horseback riding
Arts and Artisanship
Systems of Record Keeping
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The Book of the Dead
The Development and Codiﬁcation of Religious and Cultural Traditions
Literature and Drama
Distinctive Architectural styles
The Development of States and Empires
Regions where rulers created administrative institutions
The Great Classical Cities
Food Production Methods and Rewarding Elite for their Loyalty
500 C.E. to 500 B.C.E.
500 C.E to 1500 C.E
1500 C.E. to 1750 C.E.
1750 C.E. to 1914 C.E.
1914 C.E. to 2014
Mr.Barton's AP World History
Political- Leaders, elites, state structure, war, diplomacy, laws/courts
Development of Utopian socialism, Marxism, and Anarchism
The promoting of various reforms in many European states, such as state pensions and public health in Germany, expansions of suffrage in England, and public education
Expansion of existing colonies outside of Europe
Establishment of new transoceanic empires and new types of colonies.
Age of Imperialism
Competition between European states for colonies increased due to nationalism
Europeans began to create colonies and spheres of influence in Asia, and Africa
Conflicts in European states affected the colonies
Spheres of influence were created in China
The main European nations that took part in the Age of Imperialism were the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany.
People were unhappy with their imperial rule which caused an increase in reforms and revolutions
Enlightenment ideas and nationalism contributed to anticolonial movements in nations like India and China, were Europeans had their colonies.
Development of liberalism, socialism, and communism
An increase in feminism and females citizens demanded to be treated as equals with men, such a demanding the right to vote.
Economic- Type of system, technology/industry, trade, money, types of businesses
Development of the factory system, which made the concentration of work in one place increasing specialized labor.
The major products were cotton textile, iron, and steel
New improved ways to create steel, chemicals, electricity, and precision machinery.
Expansion of global trade
Mass production of specialized raw materials, such as cotton, palm oil, sugar, wheat, rubber, meat, guano, metals and minerals
Development of extensive mining centers due to the high demand of metals like gold, silver, and diamonds.
Development of capitalism and classical liberalism
An increase of businesses that worked globally because of the global trade and mass production of raw materials
Religion- Holy books, beliefs, conversion, sin/salvation, deities
Christianity is main religion
Most popular and with a major following is the Protestant religion
Religion being questioned by Enlightenment ideas
Increase in religious tolerance
Society- Family, gender relations, social class, inequalities, lifestyles
New classes were formed, the middle class and industrial working class are some examples
Gender roles, family organization and duties, and demographics changed.
Rapid urbanization and the creation of factories created many unsanitary condition for working families.
Women and children had to compete with men for jobs
Child labor was used due to the low production costs and high profits.
Expansion in education and women's suffrage
Enlightenment ideas challenged social belief, which contributed to the expansion of suffrage, abolition of slavery and the end of serfdom
Male migration left women to take on new roles at home, mostly becoming the head of the family
Many societies didn't accept certain people due to racial and ethnic prejudice.
Intellectual, Innovations, and Invention- Writing, literature, philosophy, math, science, education
Development of machines, such as spinning jenny, steam engine, cotton gin, and the internal combustion engine.
Discovery of bacteria by Louis Pasteur
Development of smallpox vaccination by Edward Jenner
Major developments in communication and transportation
Examples of these developments are railroads, steamships, canals, and telegraphs.
Development of alternate ideas for the organization and ruling of societies.
New racial ideologies such as Social Darwinism
The rise and diffusion of Enlightenment ideas
Creation of ideas to understand human relationships in relation to the natural world, encouraging observation and inference in all aspects of life
The questioning of the role religion has in one's life, and how reason is more important than revelation
The development of new political ideas, natural rights, and the social contract
Some of the Enlightenment thinkers are John Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Toussaint L'Ouverture, and Olympia de Gouges.
Arts and Architecture- Arts, music, dances, buildings
Beginning of modern art
Examples include cubism, abstract art and impressionism
Paintings that showed classical subjects, public events, natural scenes, and living people.
Baroque, classical, and romantic music
Examples of artists and composers are Johann Sebastian Bach, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Eugene Delacroix
Near Geographic- Location, physical, movement, human/environment, region
Contained the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, and many other nations.
The empires continued to expand to other regions of the world
Examples of these expansion are the spheres of influence in China, British in India and West Africa, Dutch in Indonesia, Belgians in the Congo
European states established colonies in Asia and the Pacific Ocean, while Spanish and Portuguese influences declined throughout these regions.
There were many migration movements that were influenced by changes in demography.
The increase in food production and medical advancements created a massive population growth across the globe.
People moved to cities which promoted urbanization
Migrations to places with demand of labor
Ethnic enclaves created in these new regions to bring part of their culture into these new environment, which also helped to the development of migrant support systems.
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